This article details the 20 amazing benefits of Lophira Lanceolata that will definitely interest you to know. Studies reveal that almost every part. English red oak (The Gambia, Percival, Hallam); red ironwood (Ghana, Burtt- Davy & Hoyle); scrub, or scrubby oak; dry zone ironwood, dry zone red ironwood, . Lophira is a genus of plant in family Ochnaceae. Almost every parts of Lophira are used for various medicinal purposes. Species include: Lophira alata, Banks.

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Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Lophira lanceolata 1, flowering branch; 2, fruit. Lophira lanceolata tree habit. Lophira lanceolata Lophira alata x 80 – 5k – thb www. Lophira lanceolata Lophira lanceolataPartie de la Lophira lanceolata Lophira lanceolataPlantes Lophira lanceolata tree habit x – 74k database.

Lophira lanceolata Lophira lanceolata Tiegh. Lophira lanceolata Lophira Lanceolata grows in Lophira lanceolata HA03Lophira lanceolata x – 36k – jpg www.

Lophira lanceolata is widely distributed in the sudano-guinean savanna zone from Senegal through the Central African Republic and northernmost DR Congo to Uganda. Lophira lanceolata is a multipurpose tree.

The oil also has cosmetic and medicinal uses and is suitable for making soap. The wood is hard and heavy and is locally used e.

West African Plants – A Photo Guide – Lophira lanceolata Tiegh. ex Keay

It is also used in house construction and to make agricultural and household tools. It is an excellent firewood producing hot flames and little smoke and is also a good source of charcoal. The flowers are fragrant and an important source of honey, e. The bark of the plant is used as a colorant in West Africa to prevent cooked yam from becoming dark.

During the dry season, the foliage is browsed by cattle. Rubbing the skin with the oil prevents dryness.

The oil is mixed olphira porridge olphira given to children as a tonic. The sap of the tree lacneolata used to treat tiredness by the Dii, Fulbe and Gbaya peoples in Cameroon.

In Mali pounded roots, mixed with flour are used to treat constipation, while its concoction is used to cure chronic wounds. A concoction prepared from the roots is drunk by women against menstrual pain, intestinal troubles and malaria. The bark of the roots and trunk is used against pulmonary diseases. The bark is also used to treat fevers and gastro-intestinal problems, and in southern Nigeria the root bark is a remedy for yellow fever.

The young stems and sometimes the roots are commonly used as chew-sticks, and an infusion of the bark is used as a mouthwash against toothache in Guinea, Mali and Nigeria. An infusion of the young twigs is used to treat fever, respiratory tract infections and dysentery.

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Concoctions of young fresh or dried leaves taken in the form of a drink are given to treat pain caused by intestinal worms, dysentery and lanceopata in children, while as a steam bath it is said to cure general tiredness and rheumatism. Pain caused by worms can also be treated by eating young fresh leaves.

Concoctions of the young red leaves are also employed in the treatment of headache, hypertension and syphilis. Culturally, the leaves and wood of Lophira lophlra are very important for the Dii people. The leaves are used for traditional dances and masks are made from the wood.

The lophiira uses are probably inseparable from the ceremonial uses of the leaves. The oil and other products of Lophira lanceolata are traded on a local scale only. The approximate composition of the dry seeds per g is: Its approximate fatty acid composition is: The oil is suitable for cooking and loophira cosmetic properties. Its viscosity-temperature profile make it useful as base stock for lubricants. The presscake is reported to be unsuitable as cattle feed, but suitable as manure.

Phytochemical analysis of the bark has shown the presence of several flavonoids with some antibacterial and antiviral activity. They include a group of related biflavonoids called lophirones A—J, the biflavonoid isombamichalcone and the tetraflavonoid lanceochalcone. The wood contains the nitrile glycoside esters lanceolin A and B, while the leaves contain lanceolatin A and B and in addition the benzoyl glycoside lanceoloside A and olphira prenylated isoflavone lanceolone.

The presence of benzamide has been reported in the root bark. The wood is pinkish with a red core, very hard and heavy and very durable. Small to medium-sized tree up to 16 —24 m tall; bole branchless for lanceolatw to 7.

Inflorescence a terminal, pyramidal, lax panicle 15—20 cm long, axes angular, grooved, glabrous.


Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, white, scented; pedicel 1—1. Seedling with hypogeal germination. Lophira comprises 2 species: Lophira alata Banks ex P. They are very similar in morphology and have lancwolata been confused. They are mainly differentiated by their habit and different habitats: Lophira alata is a very large tree found in dense forest, while Lophira lanceolata is much smaller and grows in savanna woodland.

Lophira lanceolata is sometimes confused with Vitellaria paradoxa C. The leaves of lanceolsta latter exude latex when damaged. Seeds of Lophira lanceolata are recalcitrant. They are dispersed by wind. Germination takes 3—5 weeks. Reports on growth rates are contradictory. In southern Benin it is reported to grow fast, whereas in Cameroon early growth is reported to be slow.

The species is invasive and often found gregariously as a colonizer of cleared forest or in fallow vegetation. Lophira lanceolata is deciduous and is leafless for 3—4 weeks in October—December in Cameroon.


Trees flower during the dry season, before new leaves appear.

West African Plants

In some years, it flowers twice in Cameroon. When new leaves are expanding, it is easily recognizable from far by its new red leaves grouped at the ends of branches. Lophira lanceolata is a tree of the wooded savanna where lanceeolata occurs up to m altitude. It often grows gregariously on fallow land at the edge of forests. It is found on medium heavy to sandy or gravelly soils. When established it is fire tolerant, but regeneration is affected by regular bushfires. Propagation is lanceilata by seed.

When dried, seed loses its viability lophria. To improve growth in the nursery, it is recommended to add soil from under an established tree to the substrate to ensure development of mycorrhizal fungi. Reproduction by air layering is possible. Vegetative propagation by stem cuttings is also possible. The fruits are attacked by curculinoid beetles species unknown both on the tree and when they have fallen.

As soon as the fruits turn brown, they are collected from the tree to avoid damage llophira beetles. The quantity of fruits produced per tree varies with the year and site.

In Cameroon the mean quantity of fruits per tree is about Good seed production is associated with large leaves. After collection fruits are sorted and dried in the sun. For oil production, the fruit wall is removed and the seeds are ground or pounded to a paste, mixed with water and boiled.

The oil that floats to the surface is scooped off. As Lophira lanceolata has a wide distribution and is common in secondary vegetation, it is not at risk of genetic erosion.

Lophira – Wikipedia

Lophira lanceolata is a potentially important agroforestry tree species of the sudano—guinean savanna. Lophira lanceolata is an important food and medicinal plant species in savanna regions and may well become an important multipurpose agroforestry tree.

Research into its domestication should explore opportunities to exploit not only the oil, but also the edible caterpillars, honey, medicinal uses, forage and timber. Flore du Congo, du Ruanda et du Burundi. Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Volume 4, Families M—R. Les fruitiers forestiers comestibles du Cameroun.

Lphira composition table for use in Africa. An ethnobotanical study of indigenous pophira trees in northern Cameroon. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods Effect of yam Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata post-harvest treatments on yam chips lanceolaata.

Potential of root crops for food and industrial resources. Cultio Corporation, Tsukuba, Japan.