Facts About. Indian heliotrope is native to Asia and invasive in parts of the United States. Its distribution just barely includes New England, collections having. Nov 19, H. indicum is common in tropical countries, being a major weed of sugarcane in Indonesia and the Philippines (Holm et al., ) and of maize. Descriptions and articles about the Indian Heliotrope, scientifically known as Heliotropium indicum in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Comprehen .
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Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Heliotropium indicum 1, plant habit; 2, flower; 3, fruit; heliotopium, fruit in cross-section. Heliotropium indicum plant habit CopyLeft EcoPort.
Heliotropium indicum flowering plant CopyLeft EcoPort. Heliotropium indicum inflorescence CopyLeft EcoPort. Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum plant x – k – jpg www. Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum x – k heliotroplum.
Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum L. Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum. Heliotropium indicum Latin name: Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum x – 45k – jpg www. Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum — Turnsole x – 51k – jpg www. Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum x – 86k species. Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum leaves x – 28k – jpg www.
Whole plant x – k – jpg uvalde. Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum x – 95k – jpg www. Indian heliotrope, turnsole En. Heliotropium indicum has ibdicum pantropical distribution, but is probably native of tropical America. It is widespread and common throughout Africa. Heliotropium indicum has been used widely for centuries on warts and to treat inflammations and tumours.
Throughout tropical Africa it is used as an analgesic rheumatismdiuretic and for numerous skin problems e. There is ample variation in plant parts used, and in methods of preparation and administration. In Nigeria, an infusion of the plant is used as an eye-lotion and to clean ulcers.
In Gabon the powdered leaves are used to treat infected gums. The Ngoni of Tanzania drink an extract made from the roots to treat yaws. In Madagascar a plant infusion is used as a strong diuretic. In the Seychelles the leaves are applied as an analgesic to treat stomach-ache in adult patients after operations. In Mauritius a leaf infusion is taken against kidney infections and as a diuretic.
A poultice made from the leaves is applied to rheumatic limbs, to wounds and insect bites. A flower decoction is an emmenagogue in small doses and an abortifacient in large doses.
Heliotropium indicum – Wikipedia
Prostate infections are treated with a decoction made from a mixture with other plants. In Gambia the whole plant is buried and after the fleshy tissue has rotted away the remaining fibre hfliotropium used to make false hair for women.
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids are a common constituent of various genera belonging to the Boraginaceae and Asteraceae and the papilionoid genus Crotalaria. They exhibit pronounced toxic effects on liver and lungs, but cytotoxic effects and other mutagenic helioropium carcinogenic activities have also been reported.
From Heliotropium indicum the pyrrolizidine alkaloids indicine, indicine-N-oxide, acetyl-indicine, indicinine, heleurine, heliotrine, supinine, supinidine hleiotropium lindelofidine have been isolated, all of them with hepatoxic activity.
Furthermore the alkaloids trachelanthamidine and retronecine and the pyrrolizidine precursor amines in leaves and inflorescence putrescine, spermidine and spermine were isolated. The nitrogen-containing lipid fraction contained C 16 and C 18 acids esterified with 1-cyano- 2-hydroxymethylpropenol.
Heliotropium indicum grown under greenhouse conditions showed the highest content of alkaloids at the beginning of the flowering period.
The young leaves, seedlings and inflorescences showed high alkaloid levels and with ageing, the level of alkaloids decreased 20 fold in the leaves. No significant age-dependent differences in N-oxides were found. Extracts helioteopium Heliotropium indicum have been shown to have strong antibacterial and antitumour activities, but no antifungal activity.
Furthermore, they showed wound healing activity in rats. The active principle was found to heliotrropium indicine-N-oxide which has been synthesized in an efficient way.
Indicine N-oxide has reached Phase I clinical trials in advanced cancer patients. Aqueous leaf extracts of Heliotropium indicum had an allelopathic effect on rice seedlings; phenolic compounds may be held responsible for this.
Ingestion of Heliotropium is dangerous. Fatal accidental poisoning in humans by drinking herbal tea, consuming grain contaminated with Heliotropium seeds, and as a result of medicinal use has been recorded. Additionally, pyrrolizidine alkaloids are excreted in milk, and the use by lactating mothers is a toxicity hazard to babies.
The plants are considered toxic to livestock with several records of fatal poisoning. Many other species of Heliotropium contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids and are often used as substitutes for Heliotropium indicum. Annual or perennial, erect herb, up to 1. Leaves alternate or opposite, simple; stipules absent; petiole 1—7 cm long; blade ovate to elliptical, 1.
Inflorescence a scorpioid, simple, many-flowered cyme, 2. Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous; calyx with almost free, unequal lobes, bristly, white hairy; corolla salver-shaped, tube 3—4.
heliotropiun Fruit 2—3 mm long, splitting into 4 nutlets. Seedling with epigeal germination; cotyledons leafy, rounded. Heliotropium comprises about species and is distributed in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate zones of all continents. The classification suffers from the absence of a recent taxonomic revision covering Old World and the New World species. Heliotropium is of special interest in eastern and northern East Africa as it is associated with the initial swarming areas of migratory locusts Locusta migratoria.
Likewise butterflies are often associated with Heliotropium as they require certain pyrrolizidine alkaloids as precursor for their pheromones. Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl is native to South America, but is now found throughout the tropics.
In pastures it can cause fatal poisoning in cattle.
In Mauritius, where it is locally a weed in sugarcane, a decoction of the plant is drunk to cure cough and fever. It is helioteopium widespread in tropical Africa than Heliotropium indicum and no medicinal uses have been reported from Africa. In the Americas, however, uses similar to those of Heliotropium indicum are recorded.
In Madagascar, Heliotropium curassavicum is burnt in the fields, as it provides good ash. Heliotropium indicum may flower throughout the year.
The flowering season is very long and new flowers develop apically within the cyme while mature nutlets are already present at the base of the inflorescence. Heliotropium indicum is found in sunny localities, on waste land, in periodically desiccating pools and ditches and anthropogenic habitats, generally below m altitude.
It is widely considered a weed of fields and pastures. For medicinal uses Heliotropium indicum is exclusively collected from the wild. The plants are generally collected when fully grown and can be used either dry or fresh. Heliotropium indicum is widespread both in hepiotropium Old World and New World, and there is no risk of genetic erosion. Heliotropium alkaloids have been considered as potential agents in chemotherapy and clinical trials have been executed. However, the applications in cancer therapy are limited by the toxic effects, in particular the hepatotoxic effect, of the pyrrolizidine alkaloids.
External application to promote wound healing and to fight infections seems less hazardous, but more research is needed. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Volume 1, Families A—D. Accumulation of alkaloids and their necines in Heliotropium indicym, Heliotropium spathulatum and Heliotropium indicum.
Handbook of African medicinal plants. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of medicinal plants of Mauritius. Pharmaceutical Biology 36 3: Indicumm of antineoplastic agents by heliktropium tissue cultures: Induction of indicmu tissues and detection of the agents in cultured cells. Planta Medica 49 2: Allelopathic effects of Heliotropium indicum on paddy var. Journal of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Monitoring 7 3: Flora of Tropical East Africa.
Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. Cyanolipids of Boraginaceae seed oils. Chemistry and Industry Antiseptic and healing properties of indigenous plants from the Philippines. Polyamines and leaf senescence in pyrrolizidine alkaloid-bearing Heliotropium plants.
Gentoxic action of an aqueous extract of Heliotropium curassavicum var. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids from Heliotropium curassavicum. Plantes et animaux utiles de Madagascar. Utilization of a weed for infectious Coryza in chicken.